Implementación de métodos moleculares y microscópicos para estudios clínicos y ambientales relativos a Cryptosporidium sp. en Uruguay

  • Fabiana Rey Gerencia I+D+i, Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay (LATU) / Fundación LATITUD. Uruguay
  • Silvina Acosta Servicio de Biodosimetría. Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable(IIBCE). Ministerio de Educación y Cultura. Uruguay
  • Wilner Martínez Servicio de Biodosimetría. Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable(IIBCE). Ministerio de Educación y Cultura. Uruguay
  • Anaydé Lena Departamento de Parasitología y Micología, Instituto de Higiene, Facultad deMedicina, Universidad de la República. Uruguay
  • Cecilia Tort Departamento de Parasitología y Micología, Instituto de Higiene, Facultad deMedicina, Universidad de la República. Uruguay
  • Ana Acuña Departamento de Parasitología y Micología, Instituto de Higiene, Facultad deMedicina, Universidad de la República. Uruguay
  • Diana Miguez Gerencia I+D+i, Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay (LATU) / Fundación LATITUD. Uruguay
  • Alejandro Ureta Gerencia de Agua Potable, Obras Sanitarias del Estado (OSE). Uruguay
Palabras clave: Cryptosporidium, Ambiente, Aguas, Epidemiología

Resumen

El género Cryptosporidium se compone de protozoarios parásitos que infectan las células epiteliales del tracto gastrointestinal de una amplia variedad de vertebrados. Esta parasitosis puede ser adquirida por diferentes vías que incluyen el contacto directo con personas o animales infectados y la ingestión de alimentos o aguas contaminadas con el estadío ambiental de este microorganismo, el ooquiste. La significación sanitaria y ambiental de este parásito hace necesario para nuestro país implementar herramientas específicas, rápidas y robustas que permitan un estudio adecuado de su incidencia clínica y distribución ambiental (temporal y geográfica). En este trabajo se describe la implementación de métodos moleculares y de microscopía que contribuirán en su conjunto al conocimiento de la incidencia sanitaria y distribución ambiental de este protozoario, así como a mitigar el riesgo que Cryptosporidium sp. potencialmente representa en nuestro país.

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2016-12-03
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